Different Coffee Roasts

When buying coffee beans, you will not get any raw seeds anymore. The coffee beans are already roasted so then all you have to do is to steep it or use a coffee making machine such as a French Press to filter out the rich flavor of the roasted beans using hot water. Coffee roasting is the technique that releases the flavor of the coffee beans so then we will not have a hard time making the world-famous drink that many enjoy every morning.

The art of coffee roasting ensures that the coffee beans will produce that distinctive aroma and flavor that’s present in a cup of coffee. Just reading the term coffee roast will make you imagine the rich aroma of coffee, especially if you really love the drink so much. But the main question that we want to ask you is if you know what “level” of roasting was done to the coffee beans that you’re using on your French press?

There are different levels of coffee roasts, and these all depend on the type of roasting technique done to the beans before being sold to the market. The level of roasting depends on the final product, if the coffee bean got “dark” from roasting, or if got roasted “light”, or just at a “medium” amount. Dark, medium, light: these are the three main types of coffee roasts that you should remember, which can also be seen in the labels and containers of coffee beans when purchasing one.

In this article, you’re going to learn what are the different types of roasting that can be done to coffee beans before it gets sold to the market as the coffee bean that we often prepare on our coffee makers. Take note that each level of roasting can greatly affect the taste of the coffee, as well as other attributes like its acidity. To know more, here are the different coffee roasts and how they taste once prepared to your cup:

Light Roast

The light roast is also known as the “first crack” because of the cracking procedure that the coffee beans undergo through when the beans are roasting for a set period of time, but not longer than medium or dark roast. The resulting product is a pale coffee bean that looks dry. The paleness appears light brown.

But do not mistake the light roast to be less favorable compared to the darker coffee bean roasts. Light roasted coffee beans are known to have a very light body, with a very decent aroma composed of fruity or floral notes, depending on the type of coffee bean used. Basically, the light roast still holds some of the original flavor of the coffee bean when not roasted.

When making coffee using the light roast, you will notice that it has a light body, does not seem roasted in terms of taste, and is more acidic than the other roast levels. Also, if you check the light roast on the coffee maker once the coffee drink has been served, you will notice the lack of oil on its surface. Oil is present in darker roasts, as oil gets produced when roasting for a longer time than the first crack. 

Read more about light roast coffee.

Medium Roast

The medium roast still has that dry appearance and still appears a little bit light brown. But compared to the tangy light roast due to its high acidity, the medium roast now has a hint of sweetness. It is a well-known fact in coffee roasting that roasting the beans for a longer time after the first crack can release more flavors from the beans, giving the coffee beans its distinctive aroma and flavor. Also, the acidity lessens when the beans are roasted for a longer period of time.

Medium roast coffee is great for those who prefer a type of coffee that has less acid, and can provide that coffee flavor but not in a way that it will taste too bitter. Medium roast coffee already possesses the bitter flavor that is well-known in coffee drinks when sugar is not added. And since it still has acid content, the medium roast is notable to have a more balanced tangy flavor that goes along well with the sweetness released by the medium roast beans. 

Medium roasts are notable for its stronger aroma than light roast once prepared by steeping or using your coffee making machine. There is still no oil on the surface of the used medium roast coffee beans.

Medium Dark Roast

Medium dark roast is known to be darker this time, and is the start of the more aromatic roasting level for coffee, with dark roast being the most aromatic. Medium dark roast is known to have almost no more acidity present as the all of the acid content breaks down thanks to the extended period of time when roasting the coffee.

Because of the roasting technique done to the coffee bean, the resulting product is more aromatic. The taste of the medium dark roast is known to be bittersweet, with a rich flavor profile and aroma. It also has a heavier body than the light and medium roast coffee beans. Oil is now present on medium dark roast coffee beans. 

Dark Roast

This is also known as the “second crack”, as the coffee beans completely breaks down to perfection. The dark roast is very distinctive, and is the most known form of coffee beans for many coffee consumers around the world. The dark roast beans are almost black in color, and is known to shine due to its oiliness.

The dark roast coffee beans are known for its thick flavor with a rich bitter flavor that many people are familiar with. The trace of oil on the dark roasted coffee bean is also noticeable once you taste it. Take note that the dark roast coffee beans have almost zero acidity in it already, and the sourness of the coffee beans’ acidity cannot be tasted anymore. 

Most of the espresso and French labeled coffee are dark roast, but can also be a combination of dark and medium dark roast as both are almost the same in taste, aroma, body and acidity. 

Now that you’re familiar with the different types of coffee roasts, you will never have a problem picking that type of coffee that your taste buds prefer the most. This is why coffee is such a wonderful drink, as each type of bean and roasting technique takes our coffee drinking experience on an adventure. 

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